"Sitemap" refers to a file where you provide information about the pages, videos, and other files on your site, and the relationships between them. In Google Search Console, sitemaps are used by search engines like Google to better crawl your website.
Web crawlers usually discover pages from links within the site and from other sites. However, providing a sitemap helps to ensure that all webpages are found, especially for newer websites or ones with few external links.
You can use a sitemap to provide metadata about specific types of content on your pages, including video and image content. For example, you might want a video sitemap entry to include the running time, category, and age appropriateness rating of a video.
To submit a sitemap to Google Search Console:
Here's a simple example of what an XML sitemap might look like:
Providing a sitemap helps search engines to index your site and improves the chances of it appearing in related search results.